Last Updated: 3 December 2023
The Vice President of India is the second highest Constitutional Office after the President and ranks second in the Order of Precedence and first in the line of succession to the Presidency. He/She is also known as the deputy to the head of state of the Republic of India.
In accordance with Article 63 of the Constitution of India, the Vice President discharges the functions of the president when a contingency arises due to the Resignation, Removal, Death, Impeachment, or the Inability of the President to Discharge their Functions.
The Vice President of India is also a member of the Parliament of India as the Ex-Officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of the Parliament of India.
Vice Presidents Of India At A Glance
|1) The Honourable (formal)
2) Mr. Vice President (informal)
3) His Excellency (diplomatic correspondence)
|2nd in the Order of Precedence
|Upa-Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi, Delhi, India
|Electoral College of India
|Constitution of India (Article 63)
|Heir apparent of the King of India
|Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1952–1962)
|13 May 1952
|400,000 (US$ 5,000) per month
Qualifications For Vice President of India
- Be a citizen of India
- Be at least 35 years of age
- Not hold any office of profit
- The candidate must be qualified for election as a Member of the Rajya Sabha.
|In the case of the President, the person must be qualified for election as a Member of the Lok Sabha. This difference is because the Vice President is to act as the Ex-Officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
Vice President Election Procedure
- The Election Commission of India, which is a constitutional autonomous body, conducts the election.
- The Vice President of India is elected by an Electoral College consisting of all Members (elected as well as nominated) of both Houses of the Parliament in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote via a secret ballot conducted by the Election Commission of India.
- The election of the Vice President is slightly different from the election of the President as the Members of State Legislatures are not part of the electoral college but the nominated members of Rajya Sabha are part of it.
- Every candidate has to make a security deposit of ₹15,000 (US$190) in the Reserve Bank of India.
- The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the Vice President must be subscribed by at least 20 electors as proposers and 20 electors as seconders. The election is to be held no later than 60 days after the expiry of the term of office of the outgoing vice president.
- A Returning Officer is appointed for the election, usually the Secretary-General of either House of Parliament, by rotation. The Returning Officer issues a public notice of the intended election, inviting the nomination of candidates.
- Any person qualified to be elected and intending to stand for election is required to be nominated by at least twenty members of Parliament as proposers, and at least twenty other members of Parliament as seconders.
- The nomination papers are scrutinized by the Returning Officer, and the names of all eligible candidates are added to the ballot. After the election has been held and the votes counted, the Returning Officer declares the result of the election to the electoral college.
- Thereafter, the Returning Officer reports the result to the Government of India (Ministry of Law and Justice) and the Election Commission of India, and the Government publishes the name of the person elected as vice president, in the Official Gazette.
- Once elected the Vice President continues in office for a five-year term but can continue in office irrespective of the expiry of the term until a successor assumes office.
Facts About Vice Presidents Of India
- There have been 14 Vice Presidents of India since the inception of the post in 1950 after Indian Independence.
- The Constitution does not provide a mechanism of succession to the office of vice president in the event of an extraordinary vacancy, apart from re-election.
- No woman had served as the Vice President of India.
- Out of 14 Vice Presidents, six of them later went on to become President of India.
- Krishna Kant has been the only one to die during his tenure.
- When the president dies in office and the vice president takes over as president, the vice president can continue serving as the president for a maximum of 6 months within which a new president shall be elected.
- No Vice President has ever faced removal or the deputy chairman in the Rajya Sabha cannot be challenged in any court of law per Article 122.
- Shri Venkaiah Naidu is the first Vice-President to be born after Independent India is formed.
- The vice president receives a salary in the capacity of the Ex-Efficio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, which is currently ₹400,000 (US$ 5,000) per month (revised from ₹125,000 in 2018).
- Representation of vice presidents by a party of candidacy:
- Indian National Congress: 35.94%
- Independent: 35.94%
- Bharatiya Janata Party: 23.09%
- Janata Dal: 5.14%
Vice Presidents Of India
|‡ Represents: Resigned
† Represents: Died in office
1) IND: Independent
2) INC: Indian National Congress
3) JD: Janata Dal
4) BJP: Bharatiya Janata Party