All You Need To Know About NITI Aayog (2023 Updated)

NITI Aayog

Last Updated: 25 March 2023

The NITI Aayog or National Institution for Transforming India serves as the apex public policy Think Tank of the Government of India and the nodal agency tasked with catalyzing Economic Development and Fostering Cooperative Federalism through the involvement of State Governments of India in the economic policy-making process using a bottom-up approach.

NITI Aayog was established in 2015, by the NDA Government, to replace the Planning Commission which followed a top-down model. The NITI Aayog council comprises all the state Chief Ministers, along with the Chief Ministers of Delhi & Puducherry, Lieutenant Governors of all UTs, and a Vice-chairman nominated by the Prime Minister.

In addition, Temporary Members are selected from leading Universities & Research Institutions. These members include a Chief Executive Officer, Four Ex-Official Members, and two Part-Time Members.

NITI Aayog At A Glance

1NITINational Institution for Transforming India
2Formed1st January 2015
3Preceding Government
Planning Commission
4JurisdictionGovernment of India
5HeadquartersNew Delhi
6Annual Budget₹339.65 crores ($48+ million) (2020–21)
7Government AgencyNarendra Modi (Chairperson)
8ExecutivesVice Chairperson: Suman Bery
CEO: B.V.R. Subrahmanyam
9Parent Government
Ministry of Planning

Introduction On Planning Commission

After India achieved independence a formal model of planning was adopted and accordingly the Planning Commission, reporting directly to the Prime Minister of India, was established on 15th March 1950, with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as the Chairman.

Authority for the creation of the Planning Commission was not derived from the Constitution of India or statute; it is an arm of the Central Government of India. The Planning Commission was an institution in the Government of India, which formulated India’s Five-Year Plans, among other functions.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his first Independence Day speech in 2014 announced his intention to dissolve the Planning Commission. It has since been replaced by a new institution named NITI Aayog.

1Formed15th March 1950
2Dissolved13th Aug 2014
3Superseding AgencyNITI Aayog
4HeadquartersYojana Bhavan, New Delhi
5Agency ExecutivePrime Minister of India
6Parent AgencyGovernment of India

Deputy Chairman Of The Planning Commission

No.Deputy ChairmanTerm InTerm Out
1Gulzarilal Nanda17 Feb 195321 Sep 1963
2V. T. Krishnamachari17 Feb 195321 Jun 1960
3Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi22 Sep 196302 Dec 1963
4Dhananjay Ramchandra Gadgil02 Sep 196701 May 1971
8P. N. Haksar04 Jan 197531 May 1977
9D. T. Lakdawala01 Jun 197715 Feb 1980
10N. D. Tiwari09 Jun 198008 Aug 1981
11Shankarrao Chavan09 Aug 198119 Jul 1984
12Prakash Chandra Sethi20 Jul 198431 Oct 1984
13P. V. Narasimha Rao01 Nov 198414 Jan 1985
14Manmohan Singh15 Jan 198531 Aug 1987
15P. Shiv Shankar25 Jul 198729 Jun 1988
16Madhav Singh Solanki30 Jun 198816 Aug 1989
17Ramakrishna Hegde05 Dec 198906 Jul 1990
18Madhu Dandavate07 Jul 199010 Dec 1990
19Mohan Dharia11 Dec 199024 Jun 1991
20Pranab Mukherjee24 Jun 199115 May 1996
Madhu Dandavate[18]01 Aug 199621 Mar 1998
21Jaswant Singh25 Mar 199804 Feb 1999
22K. C. Pant05 Feb 199917 Jun 2004
23Montek Singh Ahluwalia06 Jul 200426 May 2014

Initiatives Of NITI Aayog

  • 15-Year Road Map
  • 7-Year Vision, Strategy, & Action Plan
  • Agriculture Reforms
  • Atal Innovation Mission
  • Digital India
  • Education & Water Management
  • Indices Measuring States’ Performance in Health
  • Medical Education Reform
  • Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes
  • Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Skill Development
  • Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  • Task Forces on Agriculture and up of Poverty
  • Transforming India Lecture Series.

History Of NITI Aayog

  • On 29th May 2014, the Independent Evaluation Office submitted an assessment report to Prime Minister Narendra Modi with the recommendation to replace the Planning Commission with a “Control Commission”.
  • On 13th August 2014, the Union Cabinet scrapped the Planning Commission (India), to be replaced with a diluted version of the National Advisory Council (NAC) of India which was established by the UPA government.
  • On 1st January 2015, a Cabinet resolution was passed to replace the Planning Commission with the newly formed NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India).
  • The Union Government of India announced the formation of NITI Aayog on 1st January 2015.
  • The first meeting of the NITI Aayog was chaired by Narendra Modi on 8th February 2015.

Members Of NITI Aayog

  • A Governing Council composed of Chief Ministers of all the States & Union Territories with Legislatures and Lieutenant Governors of Union Territories (except Delhi & Puducherry).
  • Regional Councils composed of Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories in the region to address specific issues and contingencies impacting more than one state or region.
  • Full-time organizational framework composed:
    • Vice-Chairperson
    • Four Full-Time Members
    • Two Part-Time Members (from leading Universities, Research Organizations, and other relevant Institutions in an Ex-officio capacity)
    • Four Ex-Officio Members of the Union Council of Ministers
    • Chief Executive Officer (with the rank of Secretary to the Government of India) who look after the administration.
    • Secretariat.
  • Experts and specialists in various fields.
  • Rao Inderjit Singh, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation; Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ministry of Planning; & Union Minister of State of Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

Members At A Glance

1ChairpersonNarendra Modi
2Vice ChairpersonSuman Bery
3Ex-Officio Members1) Amit Shah
2) Rajnath Singh
3) Nirmala Sitaraman
4) Narendra Singh Tomar
4Special Invitees1) Nitin Gadkari
2) Piyush Goyal
3) Virendra Kumar
4) Ashwini Vaishnaw
5) Rao Inderjit Singh
5Full-time Members1) Dr. V. K. Saraswat (Ex DRDO Chief)
2) Prof. Ramesh Chand (Agriculture Expert)
3) Dr. V. K. Paul (Public Health Expert)
4) Dr. Arvind Virmani ( Economist)
6Chief Executive Officer (CEO)B.V.R. Subrahmanyam
7Governing Council1) All Chief Ministers of States (+ Delhi & Puducherry)
2) Lieutenant Governor of Andaman & Nicobar Islands
3) Special Invites

Objectives Of NITI Aayog

  • To evolve a shared vision of national development priorities, sectors, and strategies with the active involvement of States.
  • To foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States continuously, recognizing that strong States make a strong nation.
  • To develop mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government.
  • To ensure, in areas that are specifically referred to it, that the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy.
  • To pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefiting adequately from economic progress.
  • To design strategic and long-term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, and monitor their progress and their efficacy. The lessons learned through monitoring and feedback will be used for making innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corrections.
  • To provide advice and encourage partnerships between key stakeholders and national and international like-minded think tanks, as well as educational and policy research institutions.
  • To create a knowledge, innovation, and entrepreneurial support system through a collaborative community of national and international experts, practitioners, and other partners.
  • To offer a platform for the resolution of inter-sectoral and inter­ departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda.
  • To maintain a state-of-the-art resource centre, be a repository of research on good governance and best practices in sustainable and equitable development as well as help their dissemination to stakeholders.
  • To actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and initiatives, including the identification of the needed resources so as to strengthen the probability of success and scope of delivery.
  • To focus on technology upgradation and capacity building for the implementation of programmes and initiatives.
  • To undertake other activities as may be necessary in order to further the execution of the national development agenda, and the objectives mentioned above.

Features Of NITI Aayog

NITI Aayog is developing itself as a state-of-the-art resource centre with the necessary knowledge and skills that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues.

It is supported by an attached office, Development Monitoring and Evaluation Organisation (DMEO), a Flagship Initiative, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), and an autonomous body, the National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development (NILERD).

NITI Aayog’s entire gamut of activities can be divided into four main heads:

  1. Policy & Programme Framework
  2. Cooperative Federalism
  3. Monitoring & Evaluation
  4. Think Tank, Knowledge & Innovation Hub

The different Verticals, Cells, Attached, & Autonomous bodies of NITI provide the requisite coordination and support framework needed to carry out its mandate.

The list of Verticals and Cells is given below.

2Agriculture and Allied Sectors14Natural Resources and Environment, and Island Development
3Aspirational Districts Programme Cell15Project Appraisal and Management Division
4Communication and Social Media Cell16Public-Private Partnership
5Data Management and Analysis, Frontier Technologies17Rural Development
6Economics and Finance Cell18Science and Technology
7Education19Social Justice and Empowerment, and Voluntary Action Cell
8Governance and Research20Social Sector-I (Skill Development, Labour and Employment, Urban Development)
9Governing Council Secretariat and Coordination21Social Sector II (Health and Nutrition, Women and Child Development)
10Industry-I22State Finances and Coordination
11Industry-II23Sustainable Development Goals
12Infrastructure-Connectivity24Water Resources/Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana/Land Resources

Meeting Of Governing Council

NITI Aayog was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on 1st January 2015. The Governing Council of NITI Aayog, comprising Chief Ministers of all the States & Union Territories with legislatures and Lieutenant Governors of other Union Territories, came into effect on 16th February 2015 via notification by the Cabinet Secretariat.

The Governing Council was reconstituted vide a notification dated 19th February 2021 by the Cabinet Secretariat. The Governing Council is the premier body tasked with evolving a shared vision of national priorities and strategies, with the active involvement of States, in shaping the development narrative.

The Governing Council, which embodies the objectives of cooperative federalism, presents a platform to discuss inter-sectoral, inter-departmental, and federal issues to accelerate the implementation of the national development agenda.

So far, seven meetings of the Governing Council have been held under the chairmanship of the Hon’ble Prime Minister with Chief Ministers/Lt Governors of the States/UTs and other members of the Governing Council.

1First Meeting08 Feb 2015
2Second meeting15 Jul 2015
3Third Meeting23 Apr 2017
4Fourth Meeting17 Jun 2018
5Fifth Meeting15 Jun 2019
6Sixth Meeting20 Feb 2021
7Seventh Meeting07 Aug 2022

Full Forms Related To NITI Aayog

1AIMAtal Innovation Mission
2APMCAgriculture Produce Marketing Committee
3ATLAtal Tinkering Lab
4CAMPACompensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority
5DoPTDepartment of Personnel and Training
6DoSE&LDepartment of School Education & Literacy
7ECAEssential Commodities Act
8GCGoverning Council
9GDPGross Domestic Product
10GeMGovernment e Marketplace
11GrAMGramin Agricultural Markets
12IFCInstitute For Competitiveness
13IIIIndia Innovation Index
14MNREGAMahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
15MoHUAMinistry of Housing and Urban Affairs
16NACNational Advisory Council
17NAMNational Agriculture Market
18NDANational Democratic Alliance
19NEPNational Education Policy
20POSHANPrime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition
21SEPStudent Entrepreneurship Programme
22UPAUnited Progressive Alliance
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