Param Vir Chakra Winners List With PDF (2023 Updated)

Param Vir Chakra

Last Updated: 10 April 2023

The Param Vir Chakra (PVC) is India’s Highest Military Decoration, awarded for displaying distinguished acts of valor during Wartime. Param Vir Chakra translates as the “Wheel of the Ultimate Brave”, and the award is granted for “Most Conspicuous Bravery in the Presence of the Enemy”.

India’s then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru entrusted the implementation of the Param Vir Chakra to Major General Hira Lal Atal, the first Indian adjutant general of India. He in turn requested Savitri Khanolkar, the wife of an Indian Army officer, Vikram Khanolkar of the Sikh Regiment, to design the medal for the PVC.

Coincidentally, the first Param Vir Chakra would be awarded to Major Somnath Sharma, the brother-in-law of Khanolkar’s daughter. Download the PDF at the end of this article

Param Vir Chakra Information

1TypeMilitary Award
3Presented ByPresident of India
6Established26 January 1950
7First Awarded3 November 1947
8Last Awarded7 July 1999
9Total21 Awards
10Total Awarded Posthumously14 Awards
11Total Recipients21 Awards
12Award EquivalentVictoria Cross (UK)
Medal of Honor (US)
13Order Of Precedence1st Bharat Ratna
2nd Param Vir Chakra
3rd Ashoka Chakra
4th Padma Vibhushan
5th Padma Bhushan
6th Padma Shri
14Gallantry Awards Order1st Param Vir Chakra
2nd Maha Vir Chakra
3rd Vir Chakra

Facts About Param Vir Chakra

  • The name of the Param Vir Chakra Award translates as the “Wheel of the Ultimate Brave”.
  • In June 1948, it was decided to institute new Indian awards for gallantry: the Param Vir Chakra (PVC), Maha Vir Chakra (MVC), and Vir Chakra (VrC).
  • Major Somnath Sharma was the first recipient while Captain Vikram Batra was the last awarded recipient to date.
  • As of January 2023, the medal has been awarded 21 times, of which 14 were posthumous and 16 arose from actions in Indo-Pakistani conflicts.
  • Of the 21 Awardees, 20 have been from the Indian Army, and one has been from the Indian Air Force.
  • As of January 2023, Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously in 1971, is the only Indian Air Force officer to have been honored with the medal.
  • Subedar Major Bana Singh, Subedar Sanjay Kumar, and Subedar Yogendra Singh Yadav are the only living recipients of the award.
  • The Grenadiers, with three awards, have received the greatest number of Param Vir Chakras.
  • The various Gorkha Rifle regiments of the Indian Army have received three awards, with the 1, 8, and 11 Gorkha Rifle regiments each having one Param Vir Chakra recipient.
  • A memorial has been built in memory of Param Vir Chakra recipients at Marina Park, Port Blair, in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It was inaugurated in September 2014 by the Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Lieutenant General Ajay Kumar Singh.

Recipients Of Param Vir Chakra

No.SoldierUnitConflictDate of ActionPlace of Action
1Somnath Sharma
Kumaon RegimentBattle of Badgam03 Nov 1947Badgam
Jammu & Kashmir
2Jadunath Singh
Rajput RegimentIndo-Pakistani War
06 Feb 1948Naushera
Jammu & Kashmir
3Rama Raghoba Rane
[Second Lieutenant]
Bombay SappersIndo-Pakistani War
08 Apr 1948Naushera
Jammu & Kashmir
4Piru Singh
[Company Havildar Major]
Rajputana RiflesIndo-Pakistani War
17 Jul 1948Tithwal
Jammu & Kashmir
5Karam Singh
[Lance Naik]
Sikh RegimentIndo-Pakistani War
13 Oct 1948Tithwal
Jammu & Kashmir
6Gurbachan Singh Salaria
1 Gorkha RiflesCongo Crisis05 Dec 1961Élisabethville
7Dhan Singh Thapa
8 Gorkha RiflesSino-Indian War20 Oct 1962Ladakh
Jammu & Kashmir
8Joginder Singh
Sikh RegimentSino-Indian War23 Oct 1962Tongpen La
North-East Frontier Agency
9Shaitan Singh
Kumaon RegimentSino-Indian War18 Nov 1962Rezang La
Jammu & Kashmir
10Abdul Hamid
[Company Quarter Master Havildar]
The GrenadiersBattle of Asal Uttar10 Sep 1965Khemkaran
11Ardeshir Tarapore
[Lieutenant Colonel]
Poona HorseBattle of Chawinda11 Sep 1965Phillora
12Albert Ekka
[Lance Naik]
Brigade of the GuardsBattle of Hilli03 Dec 1971Gangasagar
13Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon
[Flying Officer]
No. 18 Squadron IAFIndo-Pakistani War
14 Dec 1971Srinagar
Jammu & Kashmir
14Arun Khetarpal
[Second Lieutenant]
Poona HorseBattle of Basantar16 Dec 1971Barapind-Jarpal
15Hoshiar Singh Dahiya
The GrenadiersBattle of Basantar17 Dec 1971Basantar River
16Bana Singh
[Naib Subedar]
Jammu and Kashmir Light InfantryOperation Rajiv23 May 1987Siachen Glacier
Jammu & Kashmir
17Ramaswamy Parameshwaran
Mahar RegimentOperation Pawan25 Nov 1987Sri Lanka
18Manoj Kumar Pandey
11 Gorkha RiflesOperation Vijay03 Jul 1999Khaluber /Juber Top
Jammu & Kashmir
19Yogendra Singh Yadav
The GrenadiersBattle of Tiger Hill04 Jul 1999Tiger Hill
Jammu & Kashmir
20Sanjay Kumar
Jammu and Kashmir RiflesKargil War05 Jul 1999Kargil
Jammu & Kashmir
21Vikram Batra
Jammu and Kashmir RiflesOperation Vijay07 Jul 1999Kargil
Jammu & Kashmir

Related: List Of Dronacharya Award Recipients (1985-2023)

Facts About Rewards To The Recipient

  • The Param Vir Chakra carries a cash allowance for those under the Rank of Lieutenant (or the appropriate service equivalent), and in some cases a cash award.
  • Upon the death of the Recipient, the pension is transferred to the Spouse until their Death or Remarriage.
  • In the case of a Posthumous Recipient who is unmarried, the allowance is paid to their Parents.
  • In the case of the award being conferred Posthumously on a Widow or Widower, the allowance is to be paid to their Son or Unmarried Daughter.
  • A monthly stipend of ₹20,000 is given to the awardee along with their regular pay.
  • The Award Amount and Pension Benefits are exempted from Income Tax.
  • A relatively unknown convention in the Indian Army is for a Param Vir Chakra recipient to be saluted, when in Ceremonial Uniform, by everyone in the Army irrespective of rank, although no legal provision exists.

Allowances By State Governments

#Cash Amount (INR)States Awarding
120 MillionHaryana
210 MillionTelangana
33 MillionPunjab
42.5 Million1) Assam
2) Chandigarh
3) Chhattisgarh
4) Delhi
5) Goa
6) Himachal Pradesh
7) Kerala
8) Maharashtra
9) Uttar Pradesh
10) Uttarakhand
52 Million1) Rajasthan
2) Madhya Pradesh
61.5 Million1) Tamil Nadu
2) Mizoram
71 Million1) Jharkhand
2) Andhra Pradesh
3) Bihar
822,5001) Gujarat
2) Jammu and Kashmir
3) Karnataka
4) Odisha
5) Sikkim
6) West Bengal

Regulations Of Param Vir Chakra

The regulations of the Param Vir Chakra (PVC) were set out in “The Gazette of India” the day the award was established on 26th January 1950
FirstThe decoration shall be in form of a medal and styled and designated the Param Vir Chakra.
SecondThe medal shall be circular in shape, made of bronze, and one and three-eighth inches [35 mm] in diameter. On the front, it shall have embossed on the obverse, four replicas of Indra’s Vajra with the state emblem embossed in the center. On the reverse, it shall have embossed Param Vir Chakra, both in Hindi and English, with two lotus flowers between the inscriptions. A sealed pattern of the decoration shall be deposited and kept.
ThirdThe medal shall be suspended from the left breast by a plain purple-colored ribbon of one and a quarter inches [32 mm] in width; on those occasions when only the ribbon is worn, a replica of Indra’s Vajra in miniature shall be fixed in the center of the ribbon.
FourthIf any recipient of the Chakra shall again perform such an act of bravery as would have made him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, a such further act of bravery shall be recorded by a bar to be attached to the ribbon by which the Chakra is suspended, and for every such additional act of bravery an additional bar shall be added, and any such bar or bars may also be awarded posthumously. For every bar awarded, a replica of Indra’s Vajra in miniature shall be added to the ribbon when worn alone.
FifthThe Chakra may also be awarded posthumously.
SixthThe distinction shall be conferred by the President of India.
SeventhThe names of those persons upon or on account of whom the decoration may be conferred shall be published in The Gazette of India, and a Register thereof kept under the directions of the President.
Eighth(a) Officers, Men and Women of all ranks of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force, of any of the Reserve Forces, of the Territorial Army, Militia, and of any other lawfully constituted Armed Forces.
(b) Matrons, Sisters, Nurses, and the staff of the Nursing Services and other Services pertaining to Hospitals and Nursing and Civilians of either sex serving regularly or temporarily under the orders, directions, or supervision of any of the above-mentioned Forces.
NinthThe miniature decoration, which may be worn on certain occasions by those to whom the decoration is awarded, shall be half the size of the Chakra, and a sealed pattern of the said miniature decoration shall be deposited and kept.
TenthThe miniature decoration, which may be worn on certain occasions by those to whom the decoration is awarded, shall be half the size of the Chakra and a sealed pattern of the said miniature decoration shall be deposited and kept.
EleventhEvery recipient of the Chakra being or ranking junior in rank to that of Sub-Lieutenant in the case of the Navy, Second Lieutenant in the case of the Army, and Pilot Officer in the case of the Air Force, shall, from the date of the act by which the decoration has been gained, be entitled to a special pension, and each additional bar shall carry with it additional pension for life at such rates as the President may prescribe. On the death of the recipient of the Chakra to whom the clause applies, the pension shall be continued to his widow until her death or remarriage under such rules as may be prescribed by the President.
TwelfthThis Chakra shall rank first among all awards.
ThirteenthThe President may cancel and annul the award of the Chakra to any person together with any pension appertaining thereto not already paid, and thereupon his or her name in the register shall be erased and he or she shall be required to surrender his or her insignia, but it shall be competent for the President to restore the decoration when such cancellation and annulment have subsequently been withdrawn and with it such pension as may have been forfeited.
FourteenNotice of cancellation or restoration in every case shall be published in The Gazette of India.

Related: List Of National Florence Nightingale Awards (2023 Updated)

Questions Related To Param Vir Chakra

1. What did the Param Vir Chakra replace when India became Republic in 1950?

Answer: Param Vir Chakra replaced the Victoria Cross post Independence. It was established on 26th January 1950 and the first person to receive the award was Major Somnath Sharma.

Param Vir Chakra is equivalent to the Victoria Cross in the United Kingdom and the Medal of Honor in the United States.

2. Param Vir Chakra is made of which metal?

Answer: Bronze

3. Who is the Param Vir Chakra’s first Winner?

Answer: Major Somnath Sharma

4. Who are the living recipients of the Param Vir Chakra Award?

Answer: Subedar Major Bana Singh, Subedar Sanjay Kumar, and Subedar Yogendra Singh Yadav.

5. What are the benefits of Param Vir Chakra?

Answer: A monthly stipend of ₹20,000 is given to the awardee along with their regular pay. The award amount and pension benefits are exempted from income tax.

6. Who was the last winner of Param Vir Chakra?

Answer: Captain Vikram Batra

7. Who designed the Param Vir Chakra?

Answer: Savitri Khanolkar (Wife of an Indian Army officer, Vikram Khanolkar of the Sikh Regiment)

8. How many total Param Vir Chakra were awarded?

Answer: 21 Awards

9. How many Param Vir Chakra was awarded posthumously?

Answer: 14 Awards

10. How many PVC recipients were from the Indian Army?

Answer: 20 Recipients

11. Who is the only Indian Air Force officer to have been honored with the PVC Medal?

Answer: Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon

12. What does the name of the Param Vir Chakra award translate?

Answer: Wheel of the Ultimate Brave

13. When was the last Param Vir Chakra awarded?

Answer: 7 July 1999

14. What is the size of the Param Vir Chakra medal?

Answer: 35 millimeters (1+38 inches) in diameter

15. How many gun salutes are presented to the President of India on Republic Day?

Answer: 21 Gun Salutes.

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