List Of Chief Justice Of India (2023 Updated)

Chief Justice Of India

Last Updated: 27 March 2023

Before we get into the list of Chief Justice Of India, let’s have a quick intro about them.

The Chief Justice of India is the head of the Supreme Court and is responsible for the allocation of cases and appointment of constitutional benches which deal with important matters of law. Article 145 of the Constitution gives the right to the Chief Justice of India to allocate the respective issues of relevance to the bench of judges.

There are a total of 50 Chief Justices of India that have served since the establishment of the Supreme Court of India in 1950, which superseded the Federal Court of India. The Incumbent and 50th Chief Justice of India is Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud, who entered office on 9th Nov 2022.

Knowing about the Chief Justice of India is imperative for candidates preparing for various Government Exams as questions based on CJI are asked under the Static GK part of the General Awareness Section.

† Represents Date of Death
‡ Represents Date of Resignation

Federal Court of India

The Federal Court of India came into being on 1st October 1937. The seat of the court was the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament building in Delhi. It began with a Chief Justice and two puisne judges. It functioned until the establishment of the Supreme Court of India on 28th January 1950.

No.NameTerm InTerm OutBarGovernor-General
1Sir Maurice Linford Gwyer
1 Oct
25 Apr
Inner TempleThe Marquess of Linlithgow
Sir Srinivas Varadachariar
25 Apr
7 Jun
Madras High CourtThe Marquess of Linlithgow
2Sir William Patrick Spens
7 Jun
14 Aug
Inner TempleThe Marquess of Linlithgow
3Hiralal Jekisundas Kania
14 Aug
26 Jan
Bombay High CourtThe Viscount Mountbatten of Burma

Facts About Chief Justice Of India

  • The President of India appoints the Chief Justice of India who can hold office up to the age of 65 years.
  • The Chief Justice of India can be removed only through a process of impeachment by Parliament.
  • Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud, the 16th Chief Justice of India is the longest-serving Chief Justice serving 7 Years, 139 Days (22 Feb 1978 – 11 July 1985).
  • Kamal Narain Singh, the 22nd Chief Justice, is the shortest-serving Chief Justice of India for 17 Days (25 Nov 1991 – 12 Dec 1991).
  • Amal Kumar Sarkar, the 8th Chief Justice was the longest-lived Chief Justice of India, he died at the age of 100.
  • Sir H. J. Kania (1st) is the shortest-lived Chief Justice of India, he died in office at the age of 61.
  • Sir H. J. Kania, the 1st Chief Justice, was the uncle of M. H. Kania, the 23rd Chief Justice.
  • Ranganath Misra, the 21st Chief Justice, was the uncle of Dipak Misra, the 45th Chief Justice.
  • Ranjan Gogoi, the 46th Chief Justice, was the son of K.C. Gogoi, the former Chief Minister of Assam.
  • Mohd. Hidayatullah, the 11th Chief Justice, being a Muslim, was the first Chief Justice of India from a Minority Community.
  • K. G. Balakrishnan, the 37th Chief Justice, was the first Chief Justice from the Dalit Community.
  • J. S. Kehar, the 44th Chief Justice, was the first Chief Justice of India from the Sikh Community.
  • Sam Piroj Bharucha, the 30th Chief Justice was the first Chief Justice from the Parsi Community.
  • Usually, It is seen that a Chief Justice retires on his birthday.
  • Five Chief Justices, A. N. Ray (14th), P. N. Bhagwati (17th), Kamal Narain Singh (22nd), M. Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah (25th), and A.M. Ahmadi (26th) are Nonagenarians (Aged between 90 & 99 years old).
  • The 50th Chief Justice of India Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud’s father Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud (16th CJI) is the longest-serving Chief Justice of India in history (7 Years 139 Days).
  • Based on the convention of seniority, the seven next Chief Justices can be predicted.

Chief Justice Of India

Since the birth of the Republic of India on 26th January 1950, 50 judges have served as the Chief Justice of India. H. J. Kania was the inaugural Chief Justice.

No.Chief JusticeTerm InTerm OutBarPresident
50Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud
09 Nov 202210 Nov 2024BombayDroupadi Murmu
49Uday Umesh Lalit
27 Aug 202208 Nov 2022Bar Council of IndiaDroupadi Murmu
48Nuthalapati Venkata Ramana
24 Apr 202126 Aug 2022Andhra Pradesh HCRam Nath Kovind
47Sharad Arvind Bobde
18 Nov 201923 Apr 2021Bombay HCRam Nath Kovind
46Ranjan Gogoi
03 Oct 201817 Nov 2019Guwahati HCRam Nath Kovind
45Dipak Misra
28 Aug 201702 Oct 2018Orissa HCRam Nath Kovind
44Jagdish Singh Khehar
04 Jan 201727 Aug 2017Punjab & Haryana HCPranab Mukherjee
43Tirath Singh Thakur
03 Dec 201503 Jan 2017Jammu & Kashmir HCPranab Mukherjee
42Handyala Lakshminarayanaswamy Dattu
28 Sep 201402 Dec 2015Karnataka HCPranab Mukherjee
41Rajendra Mal Lodha
27 Apr 201427 Sep 2014Rajasthan HCPranab Mukherjee
40P. Sathasivam
19 Jul 201326 Apr 2014Madras HCPranab Mukherjee
39Altamas Kabir
29 Sep 201218 Jul 2013Calcutta HCPranab Mukherjee
38Sarosh Homi Kapadia
12 May 201028 Sep 2012Bombay HCPratibha Patil
37K. G. Balakrishnan
14 Jan 200711 May 2010Kerala HCA. P. J. Abdul Kalam
36Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal
01 Nov 200513 Jan 2007Delhi HCA. P. J. Abdul Kalam
35Ramesh Chandra Lahoti
01 Jun 200431 Oct 2005Madhya Pradesh HCA. P. J. Abdul Kalam
34S. Rajendra Babu
02 May 200431 May 2004Karnataka HCA. P. J. Abdul Kalam
33Vishweshwar Nath Khare
19 Dec 200201 May 2004Allahabad HCA. P. J. Abdul Kalam
32Gopal Ballav Pattanaik
08 Nov 200218 Dec 2002Orissa HCA. P. J. Abdul Kalam
31Bhupinder Nath Kirpal
06 May 200207 Nov 2002Delhi HCK. R. Narayanan
30Sam Piroj Bharucha
01 Nov 200105 May 2002Bombay HCK. R. Narayanan
29Adarsh Sein Anand
10 Oct 199831 Oct 2001Jammu & Kashmir HCK. R. Narayanan
28Madan Mohan Punchhi
18 Jan 199809 Oct 1998Punjab & Haryana HCK. R. Narayanan
27Jagdish Sharan Verma
25 Mar 199717 Jan 1998Madhya Pradesh HCShankar Dayal Sharma
26Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi
25 Oct 199424 Mar 1997Gujarat HCShankar Dayal Sharma
25M. N. Rao Venkatachaliah
12 Feb 199324 Oct 1994Karnataka HCShankar Dayal Sharma
24Lalit Mohan Sharma
18 Nov 199211 Feb 1993Patna HCShankar Dayal Sharma
23Madhukar Hiralal Kania
13 Dec 199117 Nov 1992Bombay HCRamaswamy Venkataraman
22Kamal Narain Singh
25 Nov 199112 Dec 1991Allahabad HCRamaswamy Venkataraman
21Ranganath Misra
26 Sep 199024 Nov 1991Orissa HCRamaswamy Venkataraman
20Sabyasachi Mukharji
18 Dec 198925 Sep 1990Calcutta HCRamaswamy Venkataraman
19E. S. Venkataramiah
19 Jun 198917 Dec 1989Karnataka HCRamaswamy Venkataraman
18Raghunandan Swarup Pathak
21 Dec 198618 Jun 1989Allahabad HCZail Singh
17Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati
12 Jul 198520 Dec 1986Gujarat HCZail Singh
16Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud
22 Feb 197811 Jul 1985Bombay HCNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
15Mirza Hameedullah Beg
29 Jan 197721 Feb 1978Allahabad HCFakhruddin Ali Ahmed
14Ajit Nath Ray
26 Apr 197328 Jan 1977Calcutta HCV. V. Giri
13Sarv Mittra Sikri
22 Jan 197125 Apr 1973Bar Council of IndiaV. V. Giri
12Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah
17 Dec 197021 Jan 1971Bombay HCV. V. Giri
11Mohammad Hidayatullah
25 Feb 196816 Dec 1970Bombay HCZakir Husain
10Kailas Nath Wanchoo
12 Apr 196724 Feb 1968Allahabad HCSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
9Koka Subba Rao
30 Jun 196611 Apr 1967Madras HCSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
8Amal Kumar Sarkar
16 Mar 196629 Jun 1966Calcutta HCSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
7Pralhad Balacharya Gajendragadkar
01 Feb 196415 Mar 1966Bombay HCSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
6Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha
01 Oct 195931 Jan 1964Patna HCRajendra Prasad
5Sudhi Ranjan Das
01 Feb 195630 Sep 1959Calcutta HCRajendra Prasad
4Bijan Kumar Mukherjea
23 Dec 195431 Jan 1956Calcutta HCRajendra Prasad
3Mehr Chand Mahajan
04 Jan 195422 Dec 1954Lahore HCRajendra Prasad
2Mandakolathur Patanjali Sastri
07 Nov 195103 Jan 1954Madras HCRajendra Prasad
1Hiralal Jekisundas Kania
26 Jan 195006 Nov 1951Bombay HCRajendra Prasad

Facts About Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud

  • He is a former ex-officio executive chairman of the National Legal Services Authority whilst being J1 (or the senior-most judge after the Chief Justice) of the Supreme Court of India.
  • Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud is also a former Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court and a former judge of the Bombay High Court.
  • D. Y. Chandrachud’s father Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud is the longest-serving Chief Justice of India (7 years, 139 days) in history.
  • Justice Dhananjaya has been a speaker at conferences organized by bodies of the United Nations including the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights, the International Labour Organisation and United Nations Environmental Program, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank.

Facts About Uday Umesh Lalit

  • Uday Umesh Lalit (born 9th Nov 1957) is the 49th Chief Justice of India, he served as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India previously.
  • Justice Lalit is one of the six senior counsels directly elevated to the Supreme Court.
  • In 2011, a Supreme Court bench of Justices G. S. Singhvi and Asok Kumar Ganguly appointed Lalit as the special public prosecutor for the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in the 2G spectrum cases, stating that “in the interest of a fair prosecution of the case, the appointment of U. U. Lalit is eminently suitable”.
  • He took oath as the 49th Chief Justice of India on 27th August 2022 by President Droupadi Murmu in Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  • Uday Umesh Lalit is the second direct appointee from the Bar to be appointed as the Chief Justice of India.
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